Lifestyle Change with Planning Competence Training






Lifestyle change and improvement of subjective prognosis of employment for patients with diabetes mellitus type II and adiposity in stationary rehabilitation by a planning competence training with subsequent aftercare

Patients with diabetes mellitus type II and/or adiposity have problems to implement lifestyle changes, encouraged by hospital stay, in everyday life. A literature reviews shows that this can be explained by a lack of strategies or self-regulation (see Kulzer, Krichbaum & Hermann, 2008).The central idea of this project is the use of a planning competence training to enhance these strategies and self-regulatory systems. Such a training strengthens planning abilities and analytical capability of problem situations.

The goal of the current study is to examine whether planning competence training improves the prognosis of employment to support lifestyle changes. Planning competence is a general cognitive ability which might support a stable lifestyle change. Lifestyle change is measured by eating behavior and exercise habits which affect body weight and life quality.

For scientific purposes, a randomized control group design will be used. An experimental group will receive a planning competence training and will be supervised with help of aftercare by telephone. To control effects, three additional control groups will be deployed: CG1 passes the training without aftercare; CG2 receives lecture series about health-related topics with placebo aftercare as placebo intervention; CG3 receives clinical standard program: without planning competence training and aftercare.