Spatial action from the perspective of an avatar


Sponsorship and Administration

This Project is supported by the German Research Foundation(DFG MU 1298/11) and led by Prof. Dr. Jochen Müsseler (RWTH Aachen University, Work and Cognitive Psychology). The Project is associated with the DFG-priority programm "The Active Self" assoziiert (DFG SPP 2134).

Project Members

Sophia von Salm-Hoogstraeten, MSc (RWTH Aachen University, Work and Cognitive Psychology)

Christian Böffel, MSc (RWTH Aachen University, Work and Cognitive Psychology)


If an actor takes the allocentric perspective of an avatar, spatial dissociations arise between the perspective of the actor and the perspective of the avatar. A modification of well-known spatial cognitive phenomena is predicted to the extent with which the actor identifies herself/himself with the avatar. The present project aims at identifying the conditions in which an actor adopts the avatar’s perspective and gathers objective performance measures with various phenomena of spatial compatibility, among them the Simon effect and the SNARC effect (the spatial-numerical association of response codes).


von Salm-Hoogstraeten, S.,Bolzius, K., & Müsseler, J. (2020). Seeing the world through the eyes of an avatar? Comparing perspective taking and referential coding. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 46(3), 264–273.

von Salm-Hoogstraeten, S.,& Müsseler, J. (2020). Human cognition in interaction with robots: Taking the robot’s perspective into account. Human Factors, online first. doi: 10.1177/0018720820933764

Böffel, C. & Müsseler, J. (2019). Visual perspective taking for avatars in a Simon task. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 81, 158-172. doi: 10.3758/s13414-018-1573-0

Müsseler, J., Ruhland, L., Böffel, C. (2019). Reversed effect of spatial compatibility when taking avatar’s perspective. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72(6), 1539-1549. doi: 10.1177/1747021818799240

Böffel, C. & Müsseler, J. (2018). Perceived ownership of avatars influences visual perspective taking. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 , Article 743. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00743